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Osmanli Devleti

Understanding Sultan AbdulHamid Han



Remembering with Respect and Understanding Sultan AbdulHamid Han

For many years we have looked at our own history through the window of others. For example, during the Sarıkamıs operation, ninety thousand soldiers froze to death without firing a single gun, we said.

However, this figure was the propaganda discourse of the Russians. So it was a lie. Even the number of our soldiers who participated in the operation was not that much. If our soldier didn’t fire a gun in Sarıkamıs, how could the loss of the Russians be thirty-two thousand?

This was also the case of Sultan AbdulHamid Han. For many years he was looked at from the eyes of his enemies and the west. This is unfortunately made as an official discourse.

Now the seal is in the hands of those who call Sultan Abdülhamid Han as “Great Han” We have the proverb: Truth surely wins. Lie cannot live long.

Sultan AbdulHamid Han’s life is really touching. His priority was to ensure the unity and solidarity of the nation as the Sultan; and of the ummah as the Caliph.

It was to try to prevent the colonialists from conquering Islamic countries. It was to prevent British, French and Russian expansionism. For thirty-three years he struggled for this. (Inspired by Assoc. Prof. İbrahim Kalın’s book, Öteki ve Ötesi.)

The decree of Allah. AbdulHamid desperately had to watch the loss of Rumelia during the Balkan War; the fall of our big cities such as Baghdad and Jerusalem during the Jihan War. Perhaps it can be a consolation: On February 10, 1918, he deliberately rested because of knowing that Mosul, Damascus and Aleppo was ours.. but it was not. If we think about that Sultan Reşad passed away in the same year (3 July), we can understand his deep sorrow in the face of the losses. The state was dismembered, the nation fell apart, and the ummah was in captivity of the imperialists.


Sultan AbdulHamid Han ruled our country for thirty-three years under harsh conditions and between tough enemies. Along with him, the era of the ‘Great Sultan’ ended.

Despite all the black propaganda, his effect and memory have lived up to the present day. It is true that a great deal of effort has been made to erase him from national memory.

Even the settlements having the name of Hamidiye got their share of this anger. Hamidiye was changed as Mesudiye.

I am a person who likes to visit the homeland rather than going outside. The Ottoman Empire invested heavily in European lands. We know that even Bolu, right next to Istanbul, was considered a place of exile. This is why great works in many towns of Anatolia belongs to Seljuk and the Principality period. Sultan AbdulHamid Han saw the future and attempted to revive the territory of Anatolia. He almost formed the defense line. Yes, foresight. I’ve seen traces of this effort everywhere I go. From Kastamonu to Sivas and Söğüt.

Today, many buildings used as schools, government buildings, museums, hospitals is all his works. He did all this despite the heavy debt burden. This service of his alone is enough to remember him wwith utmost respect.

AbdulHamid came to the throne during difficult years. Those who mistook the security policy he followed as restrictions and pressures on freedoms soon experienced what the real captivity itself was, and they repented. The life of our national poet is evident as a painful document.

We can easily say that Sultan AbdulHamid’s contribution to our country is much more than that of many prime ministers and presidents. Comparison cannot be made.


February 10 was the 100th anniversary of Sultan AbdulHamid Han. An important event was held at the Yıldız Palace with the participation of our President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan: Understanding Sultan AbdulHamid.

Carefully prepared speeches, albums and exhibition. The art director of the event was Harun Tan. First we visited the exhibition. There were AbdulHamid`s special items such as his seal, amber rosary, wallet, teacup, walking stick, box, carpentery tools, writing set, envelope opener.

Some of the edicts drew our attention. Here is one of them: “In the examination it was understood that Lady Ayse who worked for two years in Thessaloniki as a soldier with the name of Aydınlı Köse Mehmed was a girl. She was brought to Istanbul. It was decided to pay her 300 liras per month by state treasury and 2000 liras as Padishah’s gift. ”

What impressed me the most was the maps of Palestine and Jerusalem and Kubbetü’s Sahara model, which were among the special belongings of Sultan AbdulHamid. As I remembered that he died two months after Jerusalems fall, this saddened me.

We know of the Sultan’s deep interest in books and photographs. His passion for learning and the importance given to education as a result. The exhibition successfully reflected this characteristic of AbdulHamid.

Our nation cannot do without flags. I was excited to see the flags of Ertuğrul Süvari Regiment and the 53rd Hamidiye Regiment. Sultan AbdulHamid’s great interest in these regiments is obvious.

In his speech, President Erdoğan said “Although the form of governance has changed, the essence and spirit of our nation has remained the same ” We are understanding this truth day by day.

There are people who want to start our country’s history from 1923. My grandfather was born in 1910. This small example itself shows that this is not possible.


Osmanli Devleti

The Clock Towers From The Archive Of Sultan Abdul Hamid



The Clock Towers From The Archive Of Sultan Abdul Hamid


The clock, which provided great convenience to people with its invention, was located in the city squares at a size and height that everyone could see before it got smaller and went into pockets. Although they were built in the West, these historical buildings, which became works of art in the East, were the most striking architectural works of the cities. On the 25th anniversary of Sultan AbdulHamid’s accession to the throne, it spread to the interior of Anatolia, with the governors sending an edict to build a clock tower. We have compiled the photographs of clock towers that have witnessed centuries from the archive of Sultan AbdulHamid.


Amasya Saat Kulesi

Amasya Clock Tower

The clock tower, located at the north end of the bridge, right next to the Government Mansion, was built in 1865 by the Amasya Governor Ziya Pasha.


Ankara Memleket Saati

Ankara Clock Tower


Bağdat Saat Kulesi

Baghdad Clock Tower

Although clock tower construction emerged in the West, it became an art in the East. The first examples of these historical structures, which have been seen since the 13th century, were seen in Italy and England. It started to be seen in the Ottoman Empire towards the end of the 16th century.


Balıkesir Saat Kulesi

Balıkesir Clock Tower

Balikesir Clock Tower, which was brought to the city by Mehmet Pasha of Crete in 1829, was built in a cylindrical shape, similar to the Galata Tower in Istanbul.


Balıkesir Saat Kulesi2

Balıkesir Clock Tower

When it was destroyed due to the earthquake in 1897, it was rebuilt in 1901 as it is today. The tower, which has clocks in all four directions, was made of cut stone and decorated with relief workmanship.


Bombay Saat Kulesi

Darülfünun building and clock tower in Mumbai, India

Architectural works of the period reflect this feature because they were built in baroque, empire, eclectic and neo-classical styles. Clock towers are usually plain stone structures. Clock towers in Tophane, Yıldız Palace, Dolmabahçe, İzmir and İzmit are the most ornate.


Bursa Saat Kulesi

Clock tower in the garden of Osman Gazi tomb

The clock tower located in Tophane Park in Bursa; It was first built during the reign of Sultan Abdulaziz. It was demolished at an unknown date, however, until the 1900s. Its construction started again in 1904 and was completed on August 31, 1905. It was put into service with a ceremony by the Governor Reşit Mümtaz Pasha on 31 August 1906 in honor of Abdülhamid’s accession to the throne.


Edirne Saat Kulesi

Edirne Clock Tower

The tower, which became known as the “Macedonian Clock Tower” after the wooden floors and clocks that had been built by Hacı İzzet Pasha, one of the governors of Edirne, on the tower in 1866-1867, was severely damaged in the 1953 earthquake.


Evrak Mahzeniyle Saat Kulesi

In addition to showing the time, it was also used as a fire watchtower. Some clock towers, such as those in Dolmabahçe and Yıldız palaces, were used as barometers and thermometers.


Gümülcine Saat Kulesi

Gümülcine Clock Tower

According to the researches carried out by academics, there are forty-four standing in Anatolia, fifteen rising like a tower by connecting to a structure, twenty-five that have disappeared, fifteen newly built, six in Albania, twenty-three in Bosnia-Herzegovina, thirty-five in Bulgaria, and Palestine. , four in Iraq, eleven in Kosovo, one in Libya, two in Lebanon, fifteen in Macedonia, one in Egypt, one in Romania, one in Serbia, three in Syria and a total of 115 clock towers, of which fourteen in Greece, were identified.


Halep Saat Kulesi

Halep Clock Tower


İzmir İstasyonu Saat Kulesi

İzmir Station Clock Tower

Izmir Clock Tower, one of the Ottoman sultans, Sultan II. It was built to celebrate the 25th anniversary of Abdülhamid’s accession to the throne. The 25-meter-high, 4-storey and octagonal tower, built by the commission consisting of İzmir Governor Kıbrıslı Kamil Pasha, his son Naval Mirliva Said Pasha and Mayor Eşref Pasha, adorns Konak Square.


Konya Saat Kulesi

Konya Clock Tower

This clock tower in Konya was converted from a church and used as a mosque and later as a clock tower. In 1872, the governor of Burdurlu Ahmed Tevfik Pasha had a square wooden room built on top of its dome to turn the Eflatun Masjid into a clock tower, and a wooden tower was placed on top of it. The tughra of Sultan Abdulaziz was engraved on the outer face of the mihrab wall of the building, which has clock dials on all four sides. Unfortunately, it could not reach the present day because it was demolished to its foundations in 1921.


Samarra Cami Saat Kulesi

Samarra Cami (Mosque) Clock Tower

Clock towers, which became the symbols of cities, were built on the highest hills or in squares that could be seen from everywhere. According to their locations, they were divided into three as those located in the squares, those planted on slopes and hills, and those located on a building.


Samsun Saat Kulesi

Samsun Clock Tower

Sultan II. It was built on October 4, 1906 during the reign of Abdülhamid. The 15-meter-high clock tower had a cylindrical body rising on an octagonal base. The top of the hull was made similar to the minaret balconies.


Tophane Saat Kulesi

Tophane Clock Tower

Tophane, also known as Nusretiye Clock Tower, was built by Sultan Abdülmecid in the second half of the 19th century. The clock tower gradually narrows upwards and has four floors with the clock section. It is located in front of the Tophane Barracks, behind the Nusretiye Mosque. It is the first surviving clock tower of Istanbul.


Trablusgarp Saat Kulesi

Tripoli Clock Tower

The historical clock tower in the bazaar next to Şuheda Square can be seen from all over the city and reflects the Ottoman architecture of that period.


Yanya Saat Kulesi

Yanya Clock Tower

II. On the 25th anniversary of AbdulHamid’s accession to the throne, a decree was sent to the governors regarding the construction of a clock tower. Thus, historical buildings spread to the interior of Anatolia.


Yıldız Sarayı Hamidiye Saat Kulesi

Yıldız Palace Hamidiye Clock Tower

Hamidiye Clock Tower is located in Yıldız district of Beşiktaş district of Istanbul. As it can be understood from the tugra on the entrance gate, it was built by AbdulHamid II between 1889 and 1890. The architect of the clock tower, which was built with four sides (octagon) with broken corners, is Sarkis Balyan. There are four inscriptions on the first floor of the tower, a thermometer and barometer on the second floor, and a clock room on the top floor. There is a compass on the decorative roof of the clock tower and a weather vane on its top.


Yozgat Saat Kulesi

Yozgat Clock Tower

Yozgat Clock Tower, built by Şakir Usta in 1908 under the mayorship of Tevfikzade Ahmet Bey, is located in the city center. The imposing and centuries-old clock tower consists of 7 floors, with the ground floor and parts of the bells. The clock tower, which was built with cut stones, has 4 clocks placed on the facades of the first floor.


Watch Payitaht AbdulHamid


Credits: Fikriyat

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Osmanli Devleti






1. Turkiye (…)

2. Bulgaria (545 years)

3. Greece (400 years)

4. Serbia (539 years)

5. Montenegro (539 years)

6. Bosnia and Herzegovina (539 years)

7. Croatia (539 years)

8. Macedonia (539 years)

9. Slovenia (250 years)

10. Romania (490 years)

11. Slovakia (20 years) Ottoman name: Uyvar

12. Hungary (160 years)

13. Moldova (490 years)

14. Ukraine (308 years)

15. Azerbaijan (25 years)

16. Georgia (400 years)

17. Armenia (20 years)

18. Southern Cyprus (293 years)

19. Northern Cyprus (293 years)

20. Southern lands of Russia (291 years)

21. Poland (25 years)-protection- Ottoman name: Lehistan

22. The southeast coast of Italy (20 years)

23. Albania (435 years)

24. Belarus (25 years) -protection-

25. Lithuania (25 years) -protection-

26. Latvia (25 years) -protection-

27. Kosovo (539 years)

28. Vojvodina (166 years) Ottoman name: Banat

29. Iraq (402 years)

30. Syria (402 years)

31. Israel (402 years)

32. Palestine (402 years)

33. Urdun (402 years)

34. Arabia (399 years)

35. Yemen (401 years)

36. Oman (400 years)

37. United Arab Emirates (400 years)

38. Qatar (400 years)

39. Bahrain (400 years)

40. Kuwait (381 years)

41. Western lands of Iran (30 years)

42. Lebanon (402 years)

43. Egypt (397 years)

44. Libya (394 years) Ottoman name: Tripoli

45. Tunisia (308 years )

46. ​​Algeria (313 years)

47. Sudan (397 years) Ottoman name: Nubia

48. Eritrea (350 years) Ottoman name: Habes

49. Djibouti (350 years)

50. Somalia (350 years) Ottoman name: Zeyla

51. Kenyan beaches (350 years)

52. Tanzanian beaches (250 years)

53. Northern regions of Chad (313 years) Ottoman name: Reşade

54. Part of Niger (300 years) Ottoman name: Kavar

55. The northern lands of Mozambique (150 years)

56. Morocco (50 years) -protection-

57. Western Sahara (50 years) -protection-

58. Mauritania (50 years) -patronage-

59. Mali (300 years) Ottoman name: Gat Kazası

60. Senegal (300 years)

61. Gambia (300 years)

62. Guinea-Bissau (300 years)

63. Guinea (300 years )

64. Part of Ethiopia (350 years) Ottoman name: Habeş (Abyssinian)


Although not officially located within the borders of the Ottoman Land borders, the places that are actually connected to the Caliphate are:


65. Muslims of India -Pakistan-

66. East India Muslims -Bangladesh-

67. Singapore

68. Malaysia

69. Indonesia

70. Turkestan Khanates

71. Nigeria

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