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FIVE BUTTON TOWER IN GERMANY

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The five-button tower in Germany / Kaufbeuren is a defensive tower in the city wall of Kaufbeuren and at the same time the symbol of the city. The tower, built in 1420, is a typical Gothic five-button tower that served as the seat of the city fire watch.



 

From the hill, the old town could be overlooked and the population could be warned by a bell in the tower at the first signs of fire or other danger. The Türmerstube was inhabited until spring 2014.

 

A special feature is the shield installed in the east facade in 1917, which is fitted with 5387 nails as a war symbol in the style of a military man in iron. It shows in the form of a coat of arms the flags of the Central Powers allied in World War I : Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria, German Empire and Austria-Hungary.



 
 
 

Written By: Murat Mert

 
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THE LARGEST MOSQUE IN EUROPE

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The central mosque in Cologne. Nine years in the making, the mosque’s 4,500 square meters can accommodate between 2,000 and 4,000 believers.

 

In all, some 35 million euros were spent on its construction by a Turkish Muslim association.
The new building complex fascinates with the interplay of concrete, glass and wood and is characterized by a 36.5 m high transparent dome, which is framed by two filigree, 55 m high minarets. The interplay of curved concrete shells and generous glass fronts gives the building its modern and inviting character and impresses with its extraordinary sense of space.



 

In terms of design and choice of materials, the entire building complex and the domed hall is a development from traditional building culture to modern. The building opens up to all visitors through the generous outside stairs, creating the feeling that the public space extends into the building complex via the inviting stairs. In this way, fears of thresholds and contact are reduced and the inviting character of the building and the community equally emphasized.

 

In the classification, the building opens up to the visitor under many aspects and offers various approaches. In this way, the visitor can take and direct each of his steps in accordance with his or her individual expectations, speed and curiosity. Different building elements invite visitors to different occasions, which the mosque visitor can consciously do without having the feeling of being confronted with something strange or unexpected.

 

The building lowers inhibition thresholds in its design language and communication and at the same time increases curiosity and fascination. So there is already the possibility in the entrance area to first sniff the “atmosphere”, to approach the whole thing step by step and to open up, in the process, carried by a maelstrom of curiosity and expectation, to open up the whole for yourself.

 

The new mosque thus creates new perspectives and opportunities to meet the supposedly foreign and at the same time fascinatingly familiar.



 

With the new building, an attractive, contemporary and functional community center has been created, as well as a dignified, representative church. With a mosque that is visible and inviting, there is a conscious positioning in the living environment – also in the architectural sense. Because “integration through building culture” in an urban environment offers, in addition to being and becoming visible, points of identification for all Muslims in a process of becoming part, far beyond Cologne.

 

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan opens the mosque in German city of Cologne.
He said: “The mosque in Cologne stood as a symbol of peace and thanked the German government for pressing ahead with its construction despite protests.”

 
 
 

Written By: Murat Mert

 
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OLD TOWN OF ANTALYA

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The old town of Antalya, as known in Turkish as “kaleici”, is in a beautiful location with all the history it carries. One of the amazing touristic locations of Turkey today, Antalya hosted many civilisations through history. Many settlements were founded here, starting with the Hellenistic period, including the visit of the Roman Empire.



 

The Old Town is the heart of Antalya; it is so interesting for both history enthusiasts and cultural visitors. Hadrianus Door, Yivli Minare, Kesik Minare, Mevlevihane, many museums, old houses and narrow streets take you to an adventurous tour into history. The Old Town of Antalya is one of the oldest settlement locations of Anatolia. Therefore, visitors have the opportunity to see the rural area from many different eras and civilisations. The most exciting part of the old town is its old houses and narrow streets which still carry the historical touches of Rum, Seljuk and Ottoman architecture.

 

The history of the old town goes back 500 thousand years with the discovery of the Karain Cave 30 kilometres south of the old town. Although the archaeological findings show that people were living in the area at then, the settlement of the place as we know it today started 2500 years ago.

 

Throughout history, the old town was affected by fires, floods and the effects of time. Nevertheless, it still protects its majestic view. The reason why a settlement was founded and used by many civilisations is its archaeological structure. Throughout history, trading gained more importance in the harbour area. Each new owner of the place rebuilt it with different characteristics. The old town became a unique location where you can see touches of many civilisations in the same place.



 

In the 1980`s Antalya, the old town and the harbour area became one of the most important tourist attractions of Turkey. From that day until this, its beauty is preserved and restored so that it can be visited by generations to come.

 
 
 

Written By: Murat Mert

 
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ULUDAG MOUNTAIN BURSA

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Well known as favourite of mountain and winter tourism, Uludag Mountain is the biggest center place of winter and nature sports in Bursa, Turkey. Also called as Olimpos Mountain and Kesis (Mosk) Mountain, Uludag is 2543 meter hight, 40 km long and approximately 15-20 km width.



 

Located on Bursa, the history of Great Mountain was based on Byzantine Era (East Rome Period): After Christianity was accepted as an official language in Rome Empire, many monasteries and churches belonging to the monks were established around Uludag. In addition to this, when Ottoman Sultan Orhan Gazi conquered Bursa, many dervishes (santons) such as famous Doglu Baba, Geyikli Baba and Abdal Murat lived here thanks to its inspirational and unique nature.

 

Surrogated by Orhaneli, Sarıalan, Kirazlı, Kadı, Sobra Platforms (plateau), Uludag charms and inspires the visitors, artists and authors with its enchanting nature, magnificent landscape and fresh atmosphere.



 

The firstly, at the top places of Uludag Mountain, there are found the traces belonging to the glaciers; Aynalıgöl, Karagöl and Kilimligöl are the most important glacial lake among of them. Those natural lands fascinate the people with their blue pure water and pine verdants.

 

Secondly, there is placed many layers, mineral stratums around Uludag Mountain. Also very important tungsten (wolfram) deposits in Turkey are found here.

 

Lastly, especially, the middle of December is the opening season for both mountaineering and skiing in Great Mountain.



 
 
 

Written By: Murat Mert

 
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SOKOLLU MEHMED PASHA MOSQUE

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If we look around places ruled by the Ottoman Empire we could see a number of buildings named for Sokollu Mehmed Pasha. But the thing that makes the mosque very precious is four stone pieces that are placed inside it.



 

The Sokullu Mehmed Pasha Mosque and its social complex have been standing there for four centuries. It was built by Sinan the Architect in the name of the Ottoman Empire’s famous grand vizier Sokollu Mehmed Pasha. Sinan the Architect was the most famous and skillful architect in Ottoman history.

 

“A piece of the sacred black stone, brought from the Kaaba, installed in marble”

sacred black stone

 

These stone pieces came from the holiest place for Muslims, the Kaaba. In one corner of the Kaaba, there is a stone known as the Black Stone, (in Arabic, al-Hajar al-Aswad). It is believed that it descended from heaven. Four little pieces from it are in the mosque’s different points. People who do not have the opportunity to visit the holy place and the stone have come to the mosque for centuries.

 

It is located in the Kadırga district, which is a neighborhood close to Sultanahmet.



 
 
 

Written By: Murat Mert

 
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ASHAB AL KAHF CAVE

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ASHAB AL KAHF – People of Cave or Seven Sleepers, is a show cave situated to the north of Tarsus, an district in Mersin Province, Turkey. The “aṣḥāb al kahf”, “people of the cave”, for Seven Sleepers of Ephesus, a belief in Christian and Islamic tradition.

 

The cave is about 14 kilometres to Tarsus and about 40 kilometre to Mersin. It is at the foothill of a small hill. The cave is small, not comparable to other caves of the province. However, it is a famed to be the cave of the Seven Sleepers.

 

The exact location of the Seven Sleepers’ cave is not known, and there are many other places including some in Turkey claiming to be the cave of the Seven Sleepers. Next to the cave, there is a mosque commissioned by the Ottoman sultan AbdülAziz (reigned 1861–1876), and built in 1873. The mosque’s tall minaret with three şerefes (balconies) were added later.



 
 
 

Written By: Murat Mert

 

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EYUP SULTAN MOSQUE

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Eyup Sultan Mosque is another place that draws quite a lot of visitors during Ramadan. It is one of the oldest and most significant mosques in Istanbul, built right after the conquest of Istanbul by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II.

 

 
 

The site also features the tomb of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari, an important Islamic figure in terms of Istanbul’s history, where Muslims pay their respect and pray for him throughout the year, but especially during Ramadan.

 

 
 

The site of the mosque also hosts numerous Ramadan activities for people of all age including, Karagöz and Hacivat performances (traditional Ottoman shadow plays), live Sufi music performances and workshops. The Ramadan fun at Eyüp does not stop until suhoor, the morning meal.

 
 
 

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Balikli Gol The Pool of Abraham

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According to the legend, King Nimrod (or Nemrut), a polytheist idol-worshipping king, was the ruler of Urfa. Prophet Abraham (sa) who was against idol worshipping and polytheism, destroyed all the idols at the king’s palace with an axe. Infuriated, the king sentenced Abraham to death.

 

The execution of the sentence was rather dramatic according to the legend. The king’s men tied Abraham from two poles on the top of the Urfa castle and catapulted him into a pit of fire that was lit at the centre of the city. However, Allah casted a miracle and saved Abraham by turning the fire into water and the fuel of the fire -the chips of woods-into fish!

 

Balikli Gol is also known as the pool of Abraham.

 

Since Abraham/Ibrahim is also a prominent figure of Christianity, the pool is on the agenda of most Christian tours throughout Turkey.

 

 
 

On the northern edge of the pool, behind a series of beautiful arches, is a visitor & arts’ centre and the Rizvaniye Mosque. Halil-Ur-Rahman Mosque borders the pool’s west and Doseme Mosque occupies half of its southern promenade. Evliya Celebi, an explorer who travelled in the Ottoman Empire and its neighbouring regions for 40 years, mentions the mosque as Abraham Halil Dervish Lodge in his written chronicles about Urfa.

 

 
 

Sanliurfa was previously known as Urfa. The prefix ‘Sanli’ was added to its name when the locals put up a brave fight against the French during the independence war of Turkey.

 
 
 

Written By: Murat Mert

 

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