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WHO WAS BARBAROS HAYRETTIN PASHA?

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WHO WAS BARBAROS HAYRETTIN PASHA?

Barbaros Hayrettin Pasha was an important figure and has a special place in history. He was one of the most famous sailors of the Ottoman Empire. He was known by the nickname of Captain-I Derya, due to his success at sea. During the periods when it was active, the Mediterranean became a Turkish Lake and reinforced the sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire.

The real name of Barbaros Hayrettin Pasha was Hizir Reis. Because of his services, Yavuz Sultan Selim gave him the name Hayreddin, which means the benevolent of religion. The Europeans named his older brother Oruc Reis Barbarossa because of his reddish colour beard. After Oruc Reis’s death, this name used for his younger brother Hizir which translated into Turkish as Barbaros.

THE LIFE OF BARBAROS HAYRETTIN PASHA

Hayreddin Pasha was born on the island of Lesbos in the 1470s as one of the four sons of his father, Vardari Yakup Agha, an Albanian or Turkish cavalryman, one of the Vardar Aghas of Thessaloniki and the conquerors of Lesbos, and the Greek Katerina from the island people. The nickname “Barbaros” given to him comes from “barba rossa”, which means “red beard” in Italian.

While Oruc Reis was doing ocean trade with his brother Ilyas at a young age, he was captured by the Knights of Rhodes in the Aegean Sea. After his release, he decided to become a pirate instead of a merchant due to the influence of his experience he has gained. After a while, his brother Hizir Reis left the trade and joined him. They raided the Mediterranean shores and obtained booty

The fame of Hizir Reis and his older brother Oruc Reis, who used the island of Djerba as a base, spread far and wide throughout the Mediterranean. The two brothers agreed with the Tunisian Sultan Mohammed and started using the port fortress of Halku’l-Vaad (La Gaulette) in Tunisia. Hizir and Oruc gave one-fifth of the booty they captured to the sultan of Tunisia, and they were selling the remaining goods in the Tunisian market.

HE WAS THE HEAD OF THE OTTOMAN STATE’S NAVY

Hizir and Oruc sent a loaded ship they captured in 1516 to the Ottoman Sultan Yavuz Sultan Selim under the auspices of Piri Reis as a gift. Thereupon, Yavuz Sultan Selim sent them gifts as an expression of his support.

After Oruc Reis and Hizir Reisi’s older brothers İshak joined them, they did not settle for piracy and started to acquire lands in North Africa. They fought against the Spanish in 1516-1517 and captured the cities of Tenes, Tlemsen and Oran, taking Algeria under their control.

Hizir Reis struck the Mediterranean coasts of Europe between 1520 and 1525 and obtained great booty. He recaptured Algeria in 1525. He then defeated the Genoese Admiral Andrea Doria, who raided Jijel the following year.

During the German campaign of Suleyman I, Andrea Doria’s attack on the Peloponnese shores put the Ottomans in a difficult position. Thereupon, Kanuni summoned Hizir Reis to Istanbul and appointed Hizir Reis, whom he named “Hayreddin” in 1533, as the head of the Ottoman navy (captain).

Trt has starting filming the Barbaros which is rumord to be aired at the end of 2021 / begining of 2022.

First official trailer of Barbos

 

Barbarbos Official Trailer

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